W. Milgate (ed.), John Donne: The Epithalamions, Anniversaries and Epicedes
Critical ApparatusEpithalamion at the Marriage of the Earl of Somerset
Ecclogue1613. December 26.
- Allophanes finding Idios in the country in Christmas time, reprehends
- his absence from courts, at the mariage of the Earle of Sommerset, Idios
- gives an account of his purpose therein, and of his absence thence.
- 1Unseasonable man, statue of ice,
- Critical Apparatus2 What could to countries solitude entice
- 3pg 11Thee, in this yeares cold and decrepit time?
- 4Natures instinct drawes to the warmer clime
- Editor’s Note5Even small birds, who by that courage dare,
- 6In numerous fleets, saile through their Sea, the aire.
- 7What delicacie can in fields appeare,
- Editor’s Note8Whil'st Flora'herselfe doth a freeze jerkin weare?
- 9Whil'st windes do all the trees and hedges strip
- 10Of leafes, to furnish roddes enough to whip
- 11Thy madnesse from thee; and all springs by frost
- Critical Apparatus12Have taken cold, and their sweet murmure lost;
- 13If thou thy faults or fortunes would'st lament
- Editor’s Note14With just solemnity, do it in Lent;
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus15At Court the spring already'advanced is,
- 16The Sunne stayes longer up; and yet not his
- Critical Apparatus17The glory is, farre other, other fires:
- 18First, zeale to Prince and State; then loves desires
- 19Burne in one brest, and like heavens two great lights,
- 20The first doth governe dayes, the other nights.
- Editor’s Note21And then that early light, which did appeare
- Critical Apparatus22Before the Sunne and Moone created were,
- 23The Princes favour is defus'd o'r all,
- Editor’s Note24From which all Fortunes, Names, and Natures fall;
- Editor’s Note25Then from those wombes of starres, the Brides bright eyes,
- 26At every glance, a constellation flyes,
- Editor’s Note27And sowes the Court with starres, and doth prevent
- 28In light and power, the all-ey'd firmament;
- Critical Apparatus29First her eyes kindle other Ladies eyes,
- Critical Apparatus30Then from their beames, their jewels lusters rise,
- 31And from their jewels, torches do take fire,
- 32And all is warmth, and light, and good desire;
- 33Most other Courts, alas, are like to hell,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus34Where in darke plotts, fire without light doth dwell:
- 35Or but like Stoves, for lust and envy get
- Editor’s Note36Continuall, but artificiall heat;
- pg 12Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus37Here zeale and love growne one, all clouds disgest,
- 38And make our Court an everlasting East.
- 39And can'st thou be from thence?
Idios. No, I am there.
Editor’s Note40As heaven, to men dispos'd, is every where,
41So are those Courts, whose Princes animate,
Critical Apparatus42Not onely all their house, but all their State.
Editor’s Note44Kings (as their patterne, God) are liberall
Critical Apparatus45Not onely'in fulnesse, but capacitie,
46Enlarging narrow men, to feele and see,
47And comprehend the blessings they bestow.
Editor’s Note48So, reclus'd hermits often times do know
49More of heavens glory, then a wordling can.
Editor’s Note50As man is of the world, the heart of man,
51Is an epitome of Gods great booke
52Of creatures, and man need no farther looke;
Critical Apparatus55I am not then from Court.
Allophanes. Dreamer, thou art.
59Because thou art not frozen, art thou warme?
60Seest thou all good because thou seest no harme?
62Stuffe well dispos'd, and which would faine be gold,
63But never shall, except it chance to lye,
Editor’s Note64So upward, that heaven gild it with his eye;
65As, for divine things, faith comes from above,
Editor’s Note66So, for best civill use, all tinctures move
67From higher powers; From God religion springs,
pg 1368Wisdome, and honour from the use of Kings.
Editor’s Note69Then unbeguile thy selfe, and know with mee,
70That Angels, though on earth employd they bee,
71Are still in heav'n, so is hee still at home
Editor’s Note72That doth, abroad, to honest actions come.
73Chide thy selfe then, O foole, which yesterday
74Might'st have read more then all thy books bewray;
Editor’s Note76A Court, where all affections do assent
79Where there is no ambition, but to'obey,
80Where men need whisper nothing, and yet may;
81Where the Kings favours are so plac'd, that all
82Finde that the King therein is liberall
Editor’s Note83To them, in him, because his favours bend
Editor’s Note85Thou hast no such; yet here was this, and more,
Editor’s Note87Our little Cupid hath sued Livery,
88And is no more in his minority,
89Hee is admitted now into that brest
Critical Apparatus90Where the Kings Counsells and his secrets rest.
Idios. I knew
93To know and feele all this, and not to have
94Words to expresse it, makes a man a grave
95Of his owne thoughts; I would not therefore stay
Editor’s Note97And yet I scap'd not here; for being come
Critical Apparatus98Full of the common joy, I utter'd some;
99Reade then this nuptiall song, which was not made
pg 14100Either the Court or mens hearts to invade,
102No Epitaph, which might advance my fame
103So much as this poore song, which testifies
104I did unto that day some sacrifice.
IThe time of the Mariage.
- Critical Apparatus105Thou art repriv'd, old yeare, thou shalt not die,
- 106 Though thou upon thy death bed lye,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus107 And should'st within five dayes expire,
- 108 Yet thou art rescu'd by a mightier fire,
- 109 Then thy old Soule, the Sunne,
- Editor’s Note110 When he doth in his largest circle runne.
- Editor’s Note111 The passage of the West or East would thaw,
- 112 And open wide their easie liquid jawe
- Editor’s Note113 To all our ships, could a Promethean art
- 114 Either unto the Northerne Pole impart
- 115The fire of these inflaming eyes, or of this loving heart.
IIEquality of persons.
- 116But undiscerning Muse, which heart, which eyes,
- 117 In this new couple, dost thou prize,
- 118 When his eye as inflaming is
- 119As hers, and her heart loves as well as his?
- Critical Apparatus120 Be try'd by beauty,'and than
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus121The bridegroome is a maid, and not a man.
- 122If by that manly courage they be try'd,
- pg 15Editor’s Note123 Which scornes unjust opinion; then the bride
- 124 Becomes a man. Should chance or envies Art
- 125 Divide these two, whom nature scarce did part?
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus126Since both have both th'enflaming eyes, and both the loving heart.
IIIRaysing of the Bridegroome.
- Editor’s Note127 Though it be some divorce to thinke of you
- Critical Apparatus128 Singly, so much one are you two,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus129 Yet let me here contemplate thee,
- 130 First, cheerfull Bridegroome, and first let mee see,
- Editor’s Note131 How thou prevent'st the Sunne,
- 132 And his red foming horses dost outrunne,
- Editor’s Note133 How, having laid downe in thy Soveraignes brest
- Editor’s Note134 All businesses, from thence to reinvest
- Editor’s Note135 Them, when these triumphs cease, thou forward art
- Editor’s Note136 To shew to her, who doth the like impart,
- 137The fire of thy inflaming eyes, and of thy loving heart.
IVRaising of the Bride.
- 138 But now, to Thee, faire Bride, it is some wrong,
- 139 To thinke thou wert in Bed so long,
- Critical Apparatus140 Since soone thou lyest downe first, tis fit
- Critical Apparatus141 Thou in first rising should'st allow for it.
- Editor’s Note142 Pouder thy Radiant haire,
- 143 Which if without such ashes thou would'st weare,
- Critical Apparatus144 Thou, which, to all which come to looke upon,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus145 Art meant for Phoebus, would'st be Phaëton.
- 146 For our ease, give thine eyes, th'unusuall part
- Editor’s Note147 Of joy, a Teare; so quencht, thou maist impart,
- Critical Apparatus148To us that come, thy'inflaming eyes, to him, thy loving heart.
pg 16 VHer Apparrelling.
- Editor’s Note149 Thus thou descend'st to our infirmitie,
- Editor’s Note150 Who can the Sun in water see.
- 151 Soe dost thou, when in silke and gold,
- 152 Thou cloudst thy selfe; since wee which doe behold,
- 153 Are dust, and wormes, 'tis just
- Editor’s Note154 Our objects be the fruits of wormes and dust;
- 155 Let every Jewell be a glorious starre,
- Editor’s Note156 Yet starres are not so pure, as their spheares are.
- Editor’s Note157 And though thou stoope, to'appeare to us, in part,
- 158 Still in that Picture thou intirely art,
- 159Which thy inflaming eyes have made within his loving heart.
VIGoing to the Chappell.
- Editor’s Note160 Now from your Easts you issue forth, and wee,
- 161 As men which through a Cipres see
- Editor’s Note162 The rising sun, doe thinke it two,
- 163 Soe, as you goe to Church, doe thinke of you,
- 164 But that vaile being gone,
- 165 By the Church rites you are from thenceforth one.
- Editor’s Note166 The Church Triumphant made this match before,
- Critical Apparatus167 And now the Militant doth strive no more;
- 168 Then, reverend Priest, who Gods Recorder art,
- 169 Doe, from his Dictates, to these two impart
- Critical Apparatus170All blessings, which are seene, or thought, by Angels eye or heart.
pg 17 VIIThe Benediction.
- Editor’s Note171 Blest payre of Swans, Oh may you interbring
- Editor’s Note172 Daily new joyes, and never sing,
- Editor’s Note173 Live, till all grounds of wishes faile,
- 174 Till honor, yea till wisedome grow so stale,
- 175 That, new great heights to trie,
- 176 It must serve your ambition, to die;
- Editor’s Note177 Raise heires, and may here, to the worlds end, live
- Critical Apparatus178 Heires from this King, to take thankes, you, to give,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus179 Nature and grace doe all, and nothing Art;
- Editor’s Note180 May never age, or error overthwart
- Editor’s Note181With any West, these radiant eyes, with any North, this heart.
VIIIFeasts and Revells.
- Editor’s Note182 But you are over-blest. Plenty this day
- Critical Apparatus183 Injures; it causes time to stay;
- 184 The tables groane, as though this feast
- 185 Would, as the flood, destroy all fowle and beast.
- Editor’s Note186 And were the doctrine new
- 187 That the earth mov'd, this day would make it true;
- Critical Apparatus188 For every part to dance and revell goes;
- 189 They tread the ayre, and fal not where they rose.
- Editor’s Note190 Though six houres since, the Sunne to bed did part,
- Editor’s Note191 The masks and banquets will not yet impart
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus192A sunset to these weary eyes, a Center to this heart.
pg 18 IXThe Brides going to bed.
- 193 What mean'st thou Bride, this companie to keep?
- 194 To sit up, till thou faine wouldst sleep?
- Critical Apparatus195 Thou maist not, when thou'art laid, doe so.
- 196 Thy selfe must to him a new banquet grow,
- 197 And you must entertaine
- 198 And doe all this daies dances o'r againe.
- 199 Know that if Sun and Moone together doe
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus200 Rise in one point, they doe not set so too.
- 201 Therefore thou maist, faire Bride, to bed depart,
- Critical Apparatus202 Thou art not gone, being gone; where e'r thou art,
- 203Thou leav'st in him thy watchfull eyes, in him thy loving heart.
XThe Bridegroomes comming.
- Editor’s Note204 As he that sees a starre fall, runs apace,
- 205 And findes a gellie in the place,
- 206 So doth the Bridegroome hast as much,
- Critical Apparatus207 Being told this starre is faine, and findes her such.
- 208 And as friends may looke strange,
- 209 By a new fashion, or apparrells change,
- 210 Their soules, though long acquainted they had beene,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus211 These clothes, their bodies, never yet had seene;
- 212 Therefore at first shee modestly might start,
- 213 But must forthwith surrender every part,
- Critical Apparatus214As freely,'as each to each before, gave either eye or heart.
pg 19 XIThe good-night.
- Editor’s Note215 Now, as in Tullias tombe, one lampe burnt cleare,
- 216 Unchang'd for fifteene hundred yeare,
- 217 May these love-lamps we here enshrine,
- Critical Apparatus218 In warmth, light, lasting, equall the divine.
- Editor’s Note219 Fire ever doth aspire,
- 220 And makes all like it selfe, turnes all to fire,
- 221 But ends in ashes, which these cannot doe,
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus222 For none of them is fuell, but fire too;
- Editor’s NoteCritical Apparatus223 This is joyes bonfire, then, where loves strong Arts
- 224 Make of so noble individuall parts
- 225One fire of foure inflaming eyes, and of two loving hearts.Critical Apparatus226
Idios. As I have brought this song, that I may doe
227A perfect sacrifice, I'll burne it too.Critical Apparatus228
Allophanes. No, Sir. This paper I have justly got,
229For, in burnt incense, the perfume is not
231What ever celebrates this Festivall
232Is common, since the joy thereof is so.
233Nor may your selfe be Priest: But let me goe,
234Backe to the Court, and I will lay'it upon
Editor’s Note235Such Altars, as prize your devotion.
- For how can Mortal Eyes sustain Immortal Light
- But as the Sun in Water we can bear,
- Yet not the Sun, but his Reflection there,
- So let us view her here, in what she was;
- And take her Image, in this watry Glass.
- The Church Triumphant made this match before,
- And now the Militant doth strive no more;
- Now, as in Tullias tombe, one lampe burnt cleare,
- Unchang'd for fifteene hundred yeare,